ID KY-AA12318206-6402-13
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タイトル Emergency dispatches to educational establishments during a 5-year period in the Tannan district, Fukui Prefecture<人文・社会科学>
瀧波, 慶和 (TAKINAMI, Yoshikazu)
Faculty of Education, Saitama University
出版者 埼玉大学教育学部
出版年: 2015 - 2015
作成日: 2015-10-09
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 (Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education). Vol.64, No.2  (2015. ) ,p.171- 176
抄録 Subjects and Methods: During a 5-year period from January 2009 to December 2013, two fire departments in the Tannan district handled 175 emergencies at educational establishments. Using the information provided by the fire departments, we investigated the 175 students aged 3-20 years who were injured or developed illness because of activities during regular school hours, extracurricular activities including club activities, and traffic accidents near the school during morning and afternoon commutes.
Results: The number of emergency calls was low on winter mornings, whereas many calls involving older students aged ≥13 years were placed during autumn. With regard to illness, many emergency vehicles were dispatched for heat stroke in autumn and neurosis in winter. Comparisons by type showed a high prevalence of sport-related accidents in the morning, acute illnesses during the lunch hour, and general injuries in the afternoon and after school hours. Comparisons by age revealed many emergencies involving older students at night (17:00-23:59). Compared with students aged 3-12 years, the number of dispatches involving students aged 13-20 years was high during lunch hour (12:00-12:59) and nighttime. The prevalence of wounds was high in the afternoon and after school hours, while that of heat stroke was high in the morning. Many younger students were involved in traffic accidents, whereas older students often had acute illness and sportrelated accidents. Discussion: No seasonal variations in the number of injuries and illnesses were observed in the time period for extracurricular and club activities. This might be explained by the counterbalance between two opposing trends in winter: accidents increase during winter extracurricular activities because more children are indoors, but illnesses while on the field decrease because outdoor activities are limited. There was a tendency toward an increase in heat stroke in autumn due to a greater number of days with high humidity during the typhoon season. A high prevalence of heat stroke during sport activities in the morning may be attributable to sweating during physical education classes in hot weather in children who skip breakfast. The high proportion of older students aged ≥13 years may be due to a high level of physical activity during the lunch hour and long hours of extracurricular and club activities after 17:00. The issue of provision of first aid outside office hours or when the yogo teacher is absent needs to be addressed in the future. Apart from yogo teacher, club advisors and coaches should possess first aid skills and knowledge because of the high prevalence of wounds from the afternoon onwards compared with heat stroke in the morning.
educational establishments
emergency vehicle
yogo teacher
first aid
資源タイプ text
ジャンル Departmental Bulletin Paper
著者版フラグ publisher
/ Public / 埼玉大学 / 教育学部
/ Public / ジャンル別 / 研究紀要 / 埼玉大学 / 教育学部紀要
/ Public / 主題別 / 総合領域 / 健康・スポーツ科学 / 応用健康科学
/ Public / 主題別 / 医歯薬学 / 外科系臨床医学 / 救急医学