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タイトル いまを生きる社会運動の行為者 : A. メルッチの集合行為論を中心に<人文・社会科学>
別タイトル
Analysis on Actors in Social Movements of the Present : Focusing on the Research of Collective Action Theory of Alberto Melucci
著者
保坂, 直人 (HOSAKA, Naoto)
東京学芸大学大学院連合学校教育学研究科 (The United Graduate School of Education, Tokyo GAKUGEI University)
渋谷, 治美 (SHIBUYA, Haruyoshi)
埼玉大学教育学部社会科教育講座 (Faculty of Education, Saitama University)
[出版社版]
出版者 埼玉大学教育学部
日付
出版年: 2012 - 2012
作成日: 2012-10-01
更新日: 2014-12-15
上位タイトル
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 (Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education). Vol.61, No.2  (2012. ) ,p.113- 126
抄録 The purpose of this paper is to examine methodological issues of analysis on actors in social movements, particularly the research of collective action theory of Alberto Melucci. Social movements and their actors have been important subjects in social science study. Social movements have been major objects in sociology, namely among theory of collective behaviors, functionalism, mobilization of resources theories and Marxism, etc. However they don’t have validity enough to analyze social movements of today. Therefore, it is indispensable to have an alternative view to methodological issues of analysis on that.
Firstly, this paper refers to social movements theories. They distinguish such actions that they claim against existent organizations from that they are deviant (Merton). There are also “rational, self-interested individuals” in a movement (Olson). Recent Marxism identifies not only economic contradictions as a cause of movements but also cultural and social factors (Touraine).
Then A.Melucci arranges these contributions systematically, and suggests an original theory of “New Social Movements”. He observes a social movement as a collective action which is oriented to “conflicts,” “solidarity” and “breaching of the systems limits of compatibility.” These terms are keys of theory of Melucci. “Conflicts” contend not only for material resources but also for symbolic ones. “Solidarity” suggests interaction between actors in the movements. “Breaching of the systems limits of compatibility” implys that the movements erode existent order, norm and system.
Through these theories, social movements can be understood more analytically.
キーワード
メルッチ
新しい社会運動
対立
連帯
限界の突破
Alberto Melucci
Collective action
New Social Movement
Conflicts
Solidarity
Breaching of the limits
言語
jpn
資源タイプ text
ジャンル Departmental Bulletin Paper
Index
/ Public / 埼玉大学 / 教育学部
/ Public / ジャンル別 / 研究紀要 / 埼玉大学 / 教育学部紀要
/ Public / 主題別 / 社会科学 / 社会学 / 社会学
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