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タイトル ヴァイオリン導入期教材の選曲意図とアレンジの工夫 : 学生による授業評価の分析結果からの考察<教育科学>
Purpose for Selection of Music and Devising Arrangements for Introductory Violin Texts : Results of analysis of class evaluations by students
伊藤, 誠 (ITO, Makoto)
埼玉大学教育学部音楽教育講座 (Faculty of Education, Saitama University)
出版者 埼玉大学教育学部
出版年: 2010 - 2010
作成日: 2010-10-05
更新日: 2014-12-09
埼玉大学紀要. 教育学部 (Journal of Saitama University. Faculty of Education). Vol.59, No.2  (2010. ) ,p.19- 30
抄録 The present paper describes the educational results of this year's "String Instrument Exercises" course, which was taken by 22 mostly second-year university students, focusing in particular on the analyses of plans for educational material arrangements in the introductory period and the results of class evaluations (self-diagnoses) made by students in order to probe more deeply into the issues explored in a previously published paper. We reflected the previous year's experience and focused on string instrument features and the depth of violin performance methods in 14 classes composed almost entirely of beginning students (only two of the 22 students had previous experience with the violin).
We began with the same material used in the previous report (children's folk songs [warabe uta]). However, our aim this time was to avoid placing too much emphasis on pitch production with the left hand by simultaneously challenging students with the complicated right hand bowing mechanism. Specifically, we implemented a two-stage approach to proper bow holding. We also taught the proper method of putting weight on the stick by having students play the open G string while pressing the instrument into their left front lower shoulder. In addition, in order to foster awareness of the bow tip and heel (frog), we presented a variety of bowing methods in different rhythms and stressed the relationship between crossing strings and upward-downward motions. In the first half of class, study of the right hand was given more time than that of the left hand. For the left hand, we thoroughly covered formations in first position, incorporating pieces using pentatonic scales and certain modes, as well as sharp key scales. Once again, we chose songs mainly from Fletcher's New Tunes for Strings-Book One (1972), emphasizing learning configurations using three- and four-part ensembles. In the last part of the class, we added school songs designated by the Japanese Education Ministry and works by Stephen Foster. For all of these, we prepared ensemble arrangements. Placing priority on making left hand fingerings (pitch production) as simple as possible, as well as considering the harmony produced by each part, resulted in slightly unnatural flows in the melody lines.
This time, we also asked students to give class evaluations through self-diagnoses in the ninth class and in the final class. Based on comparisons and analyses of student responses in six stages with almost identical question content (from 30 items regarding posture, the left hand, and the right hand), we investigated the situation of each student's progress over the final five classes and clarified the educational outcomes of the course.
Recently, instruments that can produce beautiful results quickly and easily using click or feather touch have come into fashion. In our course, we offered an authentic playing experience that, while uncompromising in certain aspects, emphasized more accurate pitch and more beautiful tone, requiring a good amount of study and focused use of the senses of hearing and touch. This allowed students to get more of a feel for the difficulty of playing an actual musical instrument-perhaps more than they had wanted-but also removed them from the "easy and simple" shortcuts that are so pervasive in everyday life and provided them instead with an opportunity to reconsider what playing a real instrument is like. Playing an instrument with a long history such as the violin is truly difficult; however, it is this challenge that holds the true thrill and joy of making music.
teacher’s training college
ensemble activities
string instrument exercises
performance research
implementation record
資源タイプ text
ジャンル Departmental Bulletin Paper
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