(Bunkyo University, Faculty of Human Science)
: 2014 - 2014
(Bulletin of Human Science).
El Sistema, or “the system,” is an orchestra movement financially supported by the government of Venezuela. The movement has garnered praise for the education and musical training it provides, and it has also garnered praise for protecting children who live in dangerous areas and for the music education programs it conducts in correctional facilities. The current study evaluates how joining an orchestra and playing classical music corrects the behavior of juvenile delinquents and adult offenders in prison. Findings indicate that rigorous training, cooperation, and responsibility foster self-esteem, teamwork, and social skills. Moreover, public performances and applause from friends and family encourage confidence and pride. These benefits facilitate a subsequent return to and reintegration into the community. These findings suggest that correctional education requires affirming aspects as well as rehabilitative aspects, such as encouraging reflection and/or restitution.